Qt documentation mentions QPalette as the class that contains color groups, Active, Inactive, and Disabled, for each widget state. Knowing the color for many different color roles is important. For example, a style author might want to tweak the colors of each buttons depending on QPalette::Button, QPalette::ButtonText, QPalette::Highlight and likely play with the shades and the saturation. There are probably few different ways to get the RGB values of those colores, here I show one of them: using a small tool that display all the color roles for active, inactive and disabled states:
And here how it looks like on Nokia N900:
The code is in the X2 repository, check the sub-directory widget/palview. A possible exercise for the brave reader: allow the user to choose other color spaces such as HSL or HSV.
Have fun with the colors!